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Luke 22

Jerry Zhang
Jerry Zhang

3 min read

This chapter is really long. Therefore, I won’t be able to go through every detail. I wanted to break it down by first providing a general summary of the historical portion and then picking a few lessons we can learn from Jesus’s words.

Here’s What Happened

The chief priests and scribes plotted to kill Jesus, but were afraid of the people. Judas (one of the twelve disciples) approached the chief priests and scribes and mentioned he’s willing to betray Jesus for money.

Jesus celebrates the passover with his disciples. This meal is known as the Lord’s Supper.

Jesus went to the Mount of Olives to pray. However, Judas interrupted Jesus, leading the chief priests and scribes, came to arrest Him.

The chief priests and scribes mock Jesus. Jesus confesses to being the Christ. The chief priests and scribes then decide they have enough evidence to convict Jesus.

The Lord’s Supper

This meal is one of the most well-known symbolism in the Bible. So many works of art are based on this.

First of all, before the meal starts, Jesus shares his excitement:

I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer.Luke 22:15

The key word here is earnestly. In the English language, this is an adverb. Adverbs are considered wasteful because you really don’t need them to communicate your intent. Jesus rarely uses adverbs. The fact that He’s using one here shows the great emphasis of His desire.

And His next sentence explains to us why he’s so earnest:

For I tell you I will not eat it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.Luke 22:16

Aside from this supper, Jesus won’t be eating like this with his disciples until the end of time. That’s a really really long time. Jesus knows that after He leaves, his disciples are going to go through a lot before returning to heaven.

Jesus is forward-looking towards the end of time. He wants to be united with all of us.

What happens next is the most famous ceremony in the history of Christianity—communion. Jesus breaks the bread and shares the cup.

And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.”Luke 22:19
And likewise, the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood.”Luke 22:20

This is a two-way remembrance. The bread is how we remember Christ. The wine in the cup is how Christ remembers us because it represents Christ’s blood, which is Jesus’s promise to die for our sins and make us clean.

Who is the Greatest?

Naturally, students in a class will eventually start comparing themselves against each other. The same goes with Jesus’s disciples too.

But Jesus gives them this lesson:

The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them, and those in authority over them are called benefactors. But not so with you. Rather, let the greatest among you become as the youngest, and the leader as one who serves. For who is the greater, one who reclines at the table or one who serves? Is it not the one who reclines at the table? But I am among you as the one who serves.Luke 22:25-27

Conventional common sense says that the greatest among us are the ones who are served. But Jesus asserts that the ones who serve are the greatest.

This is the wisdom of embodying the mentality of a servant-leader. The greatest leaders are the ones who serve.

Peter’s Denial of Jesus

Peter is one of the most loyal disciples. (Not to play favorites from the passage above.)

In Matthew 16:16, he recognizes Jesus as the Messiah, the Son of the living God. This knowledge was not revealed to him by flesh, which means it came directly from God.

Additionally, Peter wrote 2 letters in the New Testament.

Peter tells Jesus that he’s ready to go with Him to both prison and death. But Jesus foretells that Peter will deny Jesus 3 times before the rooster crows.

Of course Peter doesn’t believe Jesus. But of course, we also know Jesus is never wrong.

And when things got bad and unfavorable, Peter did indeed deny Jesus.

The lesson here is that we need to do a reality check on ourselves and realize that we are susceptible to this as well. If Peter can deny Jesus, we can easily deny our association with people we love if it’s convenient for us.


Jerry Zhang

Programmer, YouTuber, and amateur musician. I like to write too!